Energy efficiency and conservation are strategies that help reduce energy consumption in a home or business. Energy efficiency uses technology that requires less energy to perform the same function, or applies methods to reduce energy losses; energy conservation is any behavior that results in the use of less energy. Energy efficient products include LED light bulbs, insulation, weather stripping, caulking, and EnergyStar appliances. Energy conservation practices include prudent heat and air conditioning settings, turning off or dimming light bulbs, and using power strips.

Achievements to Date

  • From 2010-2019, 21% of Fairfield homes received a professional energy audit, of which 22% redeemed a residential energy efficiency rebate; 37% of Fairfield businesses participated in one or more state energy efficiency programs
  • Over 3 million kWh is saved annually in Town buildings through energy management and efficiency upgrades
  • One facility, Sullivan Independence Hall, achieved an energy score in the top 25% worthy of an Energy Star rating
  • In 2015-16, the Sustainable Fairfield Task Force (SFTF) gave away more than 2,000 LED bulbs to residents at events

Challenges Ahead

  • Town residents and businesses may be less likely to move beyond “low-hanging fruit” energy-saving measures and adopt measures with longer payback periods
  • Homeowners typically choose not to spend capital on energy efficiency retrofits, choosing instead renovations based on appearance, amenities, convenience and comfort
  • Rebates, incentives and tax credits may decrease over time.
  • Increased use of plug-in devices counter savings achieved through energy efficiency measures

Benefits of energy efficiency

  • Significantly reduces electricity costs and increases property value
  • Improves indoor comfort and reduces moisture issues (mold, leaks, condensation)
  • Protects air quality and public health
  • Reduces greenhouse gas and harmful emissions
  • Enhances energy stability and security
LED Light Bulb Exchange

2030 Plan Goals*

  • Adopt Energy and Asset Management Performance Contract that will include thermography study, implementation of Building Energy Management System, and upgrading of all lighting and HVAC equipment
  • Achieve EnergyStar qualifying status for at least five municipal or school facilities
  • Increase participation in energy audits, residential rebates and commercial programs by 5% annually
  • Implement annual school energy conservation challenge
  • 100% of Town buildings with “net zero” energy import from utility
  • 80% of all Fairfield homes and businesses with net zero energy import

*Some goals are ambitious, and may need more time to achieve target participation rates; others can be achieved sooner, but work on all goals should begin as soon as possible

How Do We Reach Our Goals?

  • Conduct education and outreach about energy efficiency opportunities and resources for residents and businesses
  • Train Town facility maintenance and general staff to optimize energy efficiency savings through behavioral changes
  • Implement energy-saving campaigns in community and schools
  • Leverage federal and state incentives and low-interest financing
Clean Energy Action Plan
Home Energy Solutions
Green Energy Financing for Businesses, Non-Profits & Houses of Worship (C-PACE)
Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency